The bill was adopted with the support of several Republicans, a rare occurrence in a divided Congress. It will now have to be put to a vote in the House of Representatives.
The US Senate on Tuesday approved the colossal infrastructure investment plan wanted by Joe Biden, amounting to $ 1.2 trillion, offering a great success to the Democratic president who will, however, still have to wait for the final vote in the lower house to claim victory.
This project “historicalAccording to the White House was adopted by 69 votes to 30, with the support of more than a third of Republicans, a rare occurrence in a politically ultra-divided Congress. The text will now have to be put to a vote in the House of Representatives, where its future is more uncertain because tensions have emerged within the narrow Democratic majority, between the left wing and the centrists. The negotiations promise to be tough and a final vote in Congress may not take place until the fall.
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“A historic agreement»For Joe Biden
The result of a rare compromise between Democrats and some Republicans, the infrastructure investment plan provides for $ 550 billion in new federal spending on roads, bridges, transport, but also on high-speed internet and for fight against climate change. If one takes into account the reorientation of other existing public funding, it totals $ 1.2 trillion – the equivalent of Spain’s GDP in 2020.
It is a project “historical” who go “Transform America”, rejoiced Joe Biden. “We are still able to come together to do great things”, he said, about a law which was passed by several senators of the Republican opposition, despite the very deep divisions of the American political class. The former senator for three decades likes to highlight his talents as negotiators on Capitol Hill, seat of Congress. It is also its vice-president Kamala Harris who came to preside over the meeting to announce this large victory in the Senate.
Joe Biden is in the White House “for only seven months“And the Senate reached agreement on”the largest investment plan in over a decade“With the support of Republicans, a success for which the president offered a”total commitment”, Declared the leader of the democratic senators Chuck Schumer just before the vote.
Former Republican President Donald Trump judged him that this project was “a shameAnd threatened with electoral reprisals Republicans who would vote in favor, warning that its implementation would offer a “VictoireTo his Democratic successor. At least three Republican senators who had participated in the negotiations have also finally declared themselves against. But their influential leader, Mitch McConnell voted in favor, well aware of the popularity of such a program in a country with failing infrastructure. The agreement between these Republicans and the Democrats will be of very short duration.
Focus on a new plan of 3,500 billion dollars in the “human infrastructure“
Now that the infrastructure plan has been passed, the Senate turns to consider another major part of Joe Biden’s agenda: a titanic plan to invest $ 3.5 trillion, almost the equivalent of GDP in 2020. of the economic giant that is Germany, in the “human infrastructure“. This provides for an avalanche of social spending in education, health, the labor market and the climate, with in particular energy transition measures supposed to “put the United States on track to meet»Joe Biden’s ambitious climate goals. The Democratic President thus wants to bring pollution levels in the American energy sector to zero by 2035 and for the country’s economy to reach carbon neutrality by 2050.
It’s the “biggest bill for workers, the elderly, the sick and the poor since FDR (President Franklin Delano Roosevelt) and the New Deal of the 1930sInsisted Independent Senator Bernie Sanders, Chairman of the Budget Committee. One “investment that only happens once per generation“Aiming to straighten out an economy today too”unfair“, According to the White House. The Republicans have promised to fiercely oppose this spending.
To get around their possible deadlock in the Senate, the Democrats will use a parliamentary procedure that will allow them to approve it with their only votes (50 in addition to that of Vice President Kamala Harris, authorized to vote in the event of a tie). The battle will begin on Tuesday with the launch of a vote on the budget resolution which outlines it.
Senators will then have until September 15 to present the substantive content of the final bill, with a final amount and the means to finance it. Two points that are not yet unanimous among Democrats, centrists having already signaled that they found the bill too expensive. The negotiations also promise to be perilous and a final vote in the House may not take place before October, or even November.