Unemployment insurance, reform within reform

Posted Jan 26, 2023, 5:00 PM

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It’s not just pension reform on the table, there’s also that of unemployment insurance. Unemployment continues to decline in France. It reached more than 10% in 2015, it currently stands at just over 7% of the active population. In the fourth quarter of 2022, the number of unemployed job seekers was slightly above 3 million people.

Despite the energy crisis and inflation, the number of permanent contracts (CDI) is breaking records. They rose to more than 5 million in 2022, unheard of. We regularly announce a deterioration of this situation, without seeing it happen for the moment. Good news ? Not totally for job seekers.

One reform can hide another

The government presented a decree before Christmas including a measure that under the bar of 6% unemployment would reduce their benefits over time. This point was withdrawn in the face of the outcry of the unions, but it is part of a set of rules relating to the duration, the amount, the specific conditions of compensation for the unemployed.

They will apply in January 2024, after negotiations with the social partners. In the meantime, a previous reform including in particular a 25% reduction in the duration of benefits as long as the unemployment rate is below 9% will come into force on 1er February of this year for the newly unemployed. The first step of the principle of “countercyclicality” in unemployment insurance wanted by the government.

La Story is a podcast from Les Echos presented by Pierrick Fay. This episode was recorded in January 2023. Editor-in-chief: Clémence Lemaistre. Guest: Alain Ruello (journalist in the France service of “Echos”). Directed by: Willy Ganne. Production and publishing manager: Michèle Warnet. Music: Théo Boulenger. Graphic identity: Upian. Photo: NICOLAS TUCAT/AFP. Sounds: RTS “52 minutes”, BFM TV, Franceinfo, Les Crooks “Assedic” (2019).

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