It was almost half past one in the morning, on June 10, when the deputies adopted, in public session, by 84 votes to 43, the bioethics bill. In addition to its flagship measure, the extension of medically assisted procreation (MAP) to single women and homosexual couples, the text establishes, among other measures, oocyte self-preservation without medical reason, the lifting of anonymity for donors. sperm, the authorization to create chimeric embryos by injecting human cells into animal cells for research purposes, or the end of the ban on blood donation for homosexual people.
→ DEBATE. Bioethics Laws: Is Consensus Now Impossible?
Controversial measures have on the other hand been ruled out, such as post-mortem ART or taking into account a criterion of “psychosocial distress” to have recourse to a medical termination of pregnancy (IMG), and this, until the day before. the birth.
Advances or danger?
Does the text, voted ten years after the previous revision of the bioethics laws, in 2011, establish a “better ethic” or a “lower ethic”? Two views were opposed in the Assembly.
→ EDITORIAL. Bioethics, a new era
For some, this bill offers “Good progress” in terms of equality. He ” secured “ new family models by authorizing dual maternal filiation – after joint recognition before a notary, for couples of women having recourse to assisted reproduction with a donor. It also supervises research, seeking a balance between scientific progress and control. “We are opening up new rights but also setting new limits. Anything that is feasible is not desirable ”, summarized the deputy Aurore Bergé (La République en Marche), for whom it is a text “Balance”. “The researchers themselves are frame-takers for their research”, said Minister of Research, Frédérique Vidal.
“Too many red lines crossed”
A vision that does not share, far from it, other members of the more conservative ranks. Bioethics is supposed to be a law “Protective. You have made it a progressive law ”, lamented Julien Ravier (Les Républicains), joined by his colleague Patrick Hetzel, one of the deputies who tabled and defended the most amendments. For the latter “Too many red lines have been crossed”. Whether it is PMA – which does not take into account “The best interests of the child” by creating “Fatherless” – or the research component of the project. “Why aren’t you more strict about chimeras?” he, for example, launched to the Minister of Research. An animal-human cross undermines human integrity! “
For Philippe Berta, doctor and co-rapporteur of the text, the benefit / risk balance and the future therapeutic advances allowed by chimeras lean heavily in favor of passing the law. “Let us trust the researchers”, he hammered over the readings.
→ READ. Bioethics, the examination in the Assembly begins under the watchful eye of opponents
“All these answers, I have already given them six times” He also pointed out several times during the debates, which began on Monday, June 7. A way of remembering that the text has come a long way in parliament since it was tabled by the government in July 2019. Three years of debate, three readings, 300 hours of discussions, more than 5,000 amendments tabled… The text should be definitively voted on on June 29, in the hemicycle, after a final parliamentary shuttle in front of the Senate, on June 24.