Inclusive housing for people with disabilities, outside the walls of institutions, is developing more and more. But initiatives dedicated to people with autism spectrum disorders associated with intellectual disability are still rare. Near Angers, the association La Résidence sociale had the idea of calling on researchers to launch an inclusive housing project for eight young people aged 20 to 30, graduating from a medico-educational institute (IME). .
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“They have hardly had any schooling, are not very autonomous and some use little or no speech”, notes Patrice Bourdon, lecturer in educational sciences at the University of Nantes and coordinator of this action research program called “Participe 3.0”.
Learn to cook, to get bread …
Funded by the Nantes University Foundation and a regional call for projects, it brings together 16 researchers from the universities of Nantes and Angers as well as from the Nantes-Atlantique design school. It aims to design a series of digital tools to promote the autonomy of the young people concerned. “Until now, we used a lot of paper material to help them structure themselves in space and time, explains Franck Le Gal, deputy director of the IME of Bauné (Maine-et-Loire). But these young people have a great appetite for digital technology. “
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In addition to sequencing the tasks of daily life, this program provides for the production of virtual reality capsules to learn how to cook, fill a dishwasher or fetch bread from the bakery. “We can also model their future living space so that they can take their bearings”, he continues.
This new location, planned for 2023 in the town of Saint-Barthélemy-d’Anjou, will be located on the ground floor of a building with eight individual dwellings and several collective spaces (kitchen, common room, garden, etc.). If professionals and a night watchman will ensure their safety, everyone will finally live in their own apartment. The researchers plan to work with them on the most suitable furniture. “The central point that connects us all is to involve these young people as much as possible in order to understand their problems”, summarizes Patrice Bourdon. “If these tools are validated, they can be deployed on a larger scale”, hopes Franck Le Gal.