Explainer: 326 cases of sedition were registered in six years, only six were convicted, maximum number of cases in Assam


New Delhi: A Supreme Court comment on Section 124A (sedition) of the Indian Penal Code has started a new debate on it.  The Supreme Court expressed deep concern over the misuse of the sedition law. The Supreme Court asked the Center whether people like Mahatma Gandhi should be ‘silent’ ’’ Why is the provision used during the British rule not being abolished?

The court made this observation by a former Major General and ‘Editors Guild of India’ challenging the constitutional validity of Section 124A (sedition). While hearing the petitions of Earlier, the Supreme Court had ordered quashing of the sedition case registered against senior journalist Vinod Dua. 

326 cases registered between 2014 and 2019, only six were convicted
On the other hand, shocking figures have also come to the fore regarding the cases registered under this section and the punishment in them. You will be surprised to know that between 2014 and 2019, 326 cases were registered, out of which only six people were punished. 

Highest sedition 93 cases were registered in 2019
According to the Ministry of Home Affairs data, 93 cases of sedition were registered in the country in 2019. This was followed by 70 cases in 2018, 51 in 2017, 47 in 2014, 35 in 2016 and 30 in 2015. 40 chargesheets were filed under the sedition law in the country in 2019, 38 in 2018, 27 in 2017, 16 in 2016, 14 in 2014 and six in 2015.

use of sedition law in different states
Jharkhand
40 cases registered under section 124 (a) of IPC during six years in Jharkhand Of which charge sheets were filed in 29 cases and trial was completed in 16 cases out of which only one person was convicted.

Haryana
In Haryana 31 cases were registered under the Sedition Act, out of which charge sheets were filed in 19 cases and trial was completed in six cases in which only one person was convicted.

Bihar, Jammu and Kashmir and Kerala
Bihar, Jammu and Kashmir and Kerala have reported 25-25 cases. In Bihar and Kerala, charge sheets could not be filed in any case while in Jammu and Kashmir charge sheets were filed in three cases. However, no one was convicted in any of the three states between 2014 and 2019.

Karnataka
22 cases of sedition were registered in Karnataka in which charge sheets were filed in 17 cases but trial could be completed in only one case. However, no one was convicted in any of the cases during this period.

Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal
Uttar Pradesh registered 17 sedition cases between 2014 and 2019 and West Bengal eight cases. Chargesheets were filed in eight cases in Uttar Pradesh and five in West Bengal but none were convicted in both the states.

Delhi
Four cases of sedition were registered in Delhi between 2014 and 2019 but no chargesheet was filed in any case.

Status of other states
Meghalaya, Mizoram, Tripura, Sikkim, Andaman and Nicobar, Lakshadweep, Puducherry, Chandigarh, Daman and Diu, Dadra and Nagar Haveli No case of sedition in six years Not registered. One case each of sedition was registered in three states of Maharashtra, Punjab and Uttarakhand.

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